7A.3. USE OF PERFORMANCE CHARTS.
7A.3.1 Chart Explanation.
The first page of each sec-
tion describes the chart or charts in that section, and ex-
plains how each chart is used.
7A.3.2 Reading the Charts.
The primary use of each
chart is given in an example. The use of a straight edge
(ruler or page edge) and a hard fine-point pencil is recom-
mended to avoid cumulative errors. The majority of the
charts provide a standard pattern for use as follows: Enter
first variable on top left scale, move right to second vari-
able, deflect down at right angles to third variable, deflect
left at right angles to forth variable, and deflect down, etc,
until final variable is read out on final scale. In addition to
the primary use, other uses of each chart are explained in
the text accompanying each set of performance charts.
Abbreviations and symbols used in the charts are listed in
An example of an auxiliary use of the perfor-
mance charts follows: Although the hover
chart is primarily arranged to find torque re-
quired to hover, maximum wheel height for
hover can also be found by entering torque
available as torque required. In general, any
single variable can be found if all others are
known. Also, the tradeoffs between two vari-
ables can be found. For example, at a given
density altitude and pressure altitude, you
can find the maximum gross weight capabil-
ity as free air temperature changes.
7A.3.3 Data Basis.
The type of data used is indicated
at the bottom of each performance chart under DATA BA-
SIS. The applicable report and date are also given. The
data provided generally is based on one of the following
a. Flight Test Data.
Data obtained by flight test of
the aircraft at precisely known conditions using sensitive
b. Calculated Data.
Data based on test, but not on
flight test of the complete aircraft.
c. Estimated Data.
Data based on estimates using
aerodynamic theory or other means but not verified by
7A.4. PERFORMANCE SPECIFIC CONDITIONS.
The data presented is accurate only for specific conditions
listed under the title of each chart. Variables for which data
is not presented, but which may affect that phase of per-
formance, are discussed in the text. Where data is avail-
able or reasonable estimates can be made, the amount
that each variable affects performance is given.
7A.5. PERFORMANCE GENERAL CONDITIONS.
In addition to the specific conditions, the following general
conditions are applicable to the performance data:
All airframe and engine controls are
assumed to be rigged within allowable tolerances.
7A.5.2 Pilot Technique.
Normal pilot technique is as-
sumed. Control movements should be smooth and contin-
7A.5.3 Aircraft Variation.
Variations in performance
between individual helicopters are known to exist; they
are considered small, however, and cannot be individually
7A.5.4 Instrument Variation.
The data shown in the
performance charts does not account for instrument inac-
curacies or malfunctions.
Except as otherwise noted, all
data is for the primary mission configuration consisting of
the basic helicopter plus a pylon and a fully loaded Hellfire
missile launcher on each inboard stores station, no pylons
or stores on outboard stations.
7A.5.6 All flight performance data is based on JP4 fuel.
The change in fuel flow and torque available, when using
approved alternate fuels (table 28), is insignificant.
7A.6. PERFORMANCE DISCREPANCIES.
Regular use of this chapter will also allow monitoring in-
struments and other helicopter systems for malfunction,
by comparing actual performance with planned perfor-
mance. Knowledge will also be gained concerning the ef-
fects of variables for which data is not provided, thereby
increasing the accuracy of performance predictions.
7A.7. TEMPERATURE CONVERSION.
A temperature conversion chart (fig 7A-1) is included in
this section for the purpose of converting Fahrenheit tem-
peratures to Celsius.