Figure   973. AC Generator Functional Block Diagram

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TM 1-1520-238-T-6 9–81 9–7. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (cont) 9–7 (e) The ac generators (fig. 9–73) convert mechanical energy to electrical energy. A generator consists of a permanent magnetic generator (PMG), exciter and main generator. The PMG provides 3-phase, 22 VAC self-excitation for exciter field current when the accessory gearbox in the main transmission is turning. (f) The exciter field current is controlled by a voltage regulator circuit in the GCU. The current source is the rectified PMG voltage. The stationary exciter control field current induces ac voltage in the rotating exciter field. The rotating exciter field voltage is rectified by the diode assembly and applied to the rotating main field. (g) The main generator rotating field induces 115 VAC in each of the main field stationary windings (three). The output is 115 VAC, 3-phase, 400 Hz. Current sensing transformers provide phase current inputs to the GCU for overcurrent protection. CURRENT SENSING XFMRS T1 T4 MAIN ROTATING FIELD DIODE ASSY ROTATING EXCITER FIELD PERMANENT MAGNET T2 T4 STATIONARY MAIN GENERATOR AC WINDINGS STATIONARY PMG WINDING STATIONARY EXCITER CONTROL FIELD CONTROLLED EXCITER FIELD CURRENT FROM GCU GCU LOW VOLTAGE AC OUTPUT TO GCU TO RH FAB MRTU CURRENT SENSING M69-349 T4 T3 Figure 9–73. AC Generator Functional Block Diagram (h) The GCU (fig. 9–74) provides circuit protection and controls the operation of the generators. In normal operation, the GCU energizes the generator control relay (GCR) and contactor control relay (CCR). (i) The PMG input voltage is checked for underfrequency (on ground only), rectified, and sent to the ac and dc voltage regulators. The squat switch provides an underfrequency ground only protection. If underfrequency occurs, the generator is disconnected from the bus by the GCR. (j) The generator output voltage is monitored for overvoltage/undervoltage and is regulated by the ac voltage regulator. If output voltage varies, the ac regulator provides feedback to the generator exciter field to offset the voltage variation. If the voltage remains out-of-limits, the switching unit deenergizes the CCR, disconnecting the generator from the bus.


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